This paper assesses the linkages between poverty, livelihood, food security, economic strengthening, and HIV/AIDS-related outcomes through a literature review. It is intended to inform a logic model for FHI 360’s Livelihood and Food Security Technical Assistance (LIFT) project by determining the extent to which household food security and livelihood status are associated with HIV/AIDS-related outcomes; examining the evidence related to the impact of a variety of food security, livelihoods and economic strengthening interventions on HIV/AIDS-related outcomes; and identifying gaps in the evidence. This review of the state of the evidence and identification of gaps will feed into the development of LIFT’s research agenda to explore these issues in greater depth. July 2012.

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